Affirmative Action Matters: Creating Opportunities for Students Around the World

Edited by Laura Dudley Jenkins and Michele S. Moses

Affirmative Action Matters focuses specifically on affirmative action policies in higher education admissions, the sphere that has been the most controversial in many of the nations that have such policies. It brings together distinguished scholars from diverse nations to examine and discuss the historical, political and philosophical contexts of affirmative action and clarify policy developments to further the meaningful equality of educational opportunity. This unique volume includes both well established and emerging policies from the Americas, Europe, Africa, and Asia, policies which developed under a variety of political systems and target a range of underrepresented groups, based on race, ethnicity, gender, class, social background, or region. Legal or political pressures to move away from explicitly race-based policies in several countries have complicated affirmative action and make this assessment of international alternatives particularly timely.

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Table of Contents

1. National vicissitudes in higher education affirmative action policies Michele S. Moses and Laura Dudley Jenkins

2.Assessing affirmative action programs on six continents Michele S. Moses, Laura Dudley Jenkins, Christina Paguyo and Laurel Wei

3. India: Beginning a new debate on reserved admissions for castes, tribes and "Other Backward Classes" Kavita A. Sharma and Laura Dudley Jenkins

4. Bulgaria: Social justice and privileged access to higher education in a totalitarian society, 1944-1989 Pepka Boyadjieva

5. The United States: The changing context of access to higher education Patricia Marin

6. South Africa: Affirming affirmative action through university alternate access programs Rudi Kimmie and Laura Dudley Jenkins

7. Brazil: Enhancing opportunity and justice through new affirmative action policies for black and mixed-race students Sandra Regina Sales and Michele S. Moses

8. France: Affirmative action in French higher education —squaring the circle Stéphan Vincent-Lancrin

9. Affirmative action matters: Social justice in the era of diversity Laura Dudley Jenkins and Michele S. Moses

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